What to do:

There are a variety of methods to prompt students. These include: (Taken and adapted from here.)

Instructional promptsExample
Gesture promptsNonverbal prompts
- pointing, head nods, hand motions, smiling, 
Verbal prompts

-Specific verbal prompts

-Nonspecific verbal prompts
You can not do it, yet!

-Turn the page. Keep going. Ask a friend?

-How do we keep the story going?
Prerecorded auditory promptsSound bytes
Recorded message
Pictorial prompts
-Words, symbols, signs
-Match to sample
Picture schedule of the events of the day
-Picture and word instructions for a task
-Six pencils= the number 6
Model promptsPeer demonstrates turning a page
Teacher demonstrates using a paper towel to dry hands
Physical prompts
Physical assistance to complete a skill
-A tap to the elbow to encourage a choice for lunch
-Hand over hand assistance for writing the first letter of name
Mixed promptsPointing to the response options and repeating the comprehension question
When offering non verbal written prompts, Scaffolding can support learning/completion of an activity. However, sometimes, I feel using simpler prompts such as...
Time Prompts: 
Yesterday at 6pm...
This time last year...
So, then my mother said...
Language/Feature Prompts 
A list of adjectives/verbs etc -
She smelt like... 
Visual Prompts- 
Cartoon boxes/speech bubbles 

These type of prompts can provide useful generic, non subject specific prompts.

You could start by getting students to simply speak through their answers after allowing them some planning/thinking time. 

Providing these prompts somewhere simply such as in the corner of your whiteboard/presentation can help both with writing and speaking correctly


Provide more exam related writing prompts. Try this +literacylender . Pic of the Day writing prompts here.

Or use this website for general writing prompts.

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